Ranchi University came into existence on the 12th of July, 1960 as a teaching-cum-affiliating University with headquarters at Ranchi. At the time of inception Ranchi University covered whole of present day Jharkhand, except Santhal Parganas. In 1992, Ranchi University was bifurcated to create Vinoba Bhave Ranchi University, reducing its area by nearly half. In 2009 Ranchi University was divided twice – in January to create Nilambar Pitambar University, at Medininagar, and in August 2009 to create Kolhan University, at Chaibasa. At present, Ranchi University spans five districts of Jharkhand, namely, Ranchi, Gumla, Khunti, Simdega and Lohardaga.
The University today has 14 Constituent Colleges, and 55 affiliated colleges/ institutes. They include Medical College, Engineering College, Law College, Institutes of Management, Institute of Psychiatry, Colleges imparting Bachelor of Education and Nursing etc.
Right since its inception Ranchi University has been alive to the ever increasing demands of higher education. Keeping pace with changing times, Ranchi University today offers a number of vocational courses in various streams in addition to the traditional courses. Some of the courses offered by Ranchi University are as follows In the Faculty of Arts (Humanities & Social Sciences)
B.A./B.A.(Hons): Eligibility Intermediate from Jharkhand Academic Council, Ranchi or equivalent. Duration 3 years. Subjects Compulsory A Mod. Ind. Lang. (Bengali, Hindi, Oriya or Urdu). Optionals: any three of the following: A classical Lang (Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic), Tribal & Regional Language, Anthro; Home Sc; Econ; Eng; Geog; Hist; Maths; Music; Phil; Pol Sc; Sociol. In the case of women students Home Sc may be interchanged with a subject indicated above. Candidates may take up the Honours course in one of the three optional subjects offered.
M.A.: Eligibility BA/BA (Hons). Duration 2 years (Four semesters) with an exam at the end of each semester. Subjects: any one of the following: Anthro; Bengali; Econ; Eng; Geog; Hindi; Hist; Home Sc, Maths; Phil; Pol Sc; Psy; Tribal and Regional Languages; Sans; Urdu. In the Faculty of Commerce
B.Com./B.Com. (Hons): Eligibility Intermediate in Commerce or Science. Subjects B Com Hons and General Courses offered. Duration 3 years. Examination on annual pattern at the end of academic year. For Honours course a candidate has to take, in addition to the subjects mentioned under BCom, the following: Pub Econ & Planning, Indl Relations & Personnel Mgt; Pub Enterprises and Pub Corporations.
M.Com.: Eligibility Bachelor’s degree in Commerce. Duration 2 years (Four semesters) Subjects All compulsory papers with specialisation in Finance, Marketing, and HRM in the IVth Semester. In the Faculty of Education
B.Ed.: Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree. Duration 1 year Subjects: Theory of Edn; Ednl Psy & Ednl Measurements; School Orgn & Health Edn; Ednl Reconstruction in India & abroad; Methods of Teaching any four of the following subjects: Hindi, Urdu, Sans, Eng as a foreign lang, Hist, Geog, Dom Sc, Sc, Maths, Social Studies, Ele Edn; one of the following crafts: Spinning & Weaving; Wood Work or Metal Work. Optionals: Social & Cultural Anthro. Practical Teaching. In the Faculty of Engineering
B.Tech.: Eligibility: Intermediate with Phy, Chem & Maths. Duration 4 years with University exam of 8 semesters. Branches: Computer Sc; Civil; Elect; Electronics & Communications; Mech; Metallurgy; Material Engg; IT; and Manufacturing Engg.
M.Tech: Eligibility BTech. Duration: 2 yrs of 4 semesters. Branches: Manufacturing Engg; Foundry & Forge Technology; Environmental Engg; Material Science & Engg; Civil; and Mechanical. In the Faculty of Law
LL B: Eligibility Bachelor’s degree in any discipline. Duration 3 years (Six Semesters).
Faculty of Medicine
MBBS: Eligibility Intermediate Sc with Phy, Chem and Biol. Admission through competitive examination Duration 4½ years with an exam at the end of 1 year, 1½ year, 1year and 1 year known as First Professional MBBS, Second Professional MBBS, Third Professional MBBS Part I, and Third Professional MBBS Part II respectively. Candidates have to undergo a compulsory housemanship of one year.
MD/ MS: For admission, a student must have passed the MBBS exam of the University or any other degree recognised as equivalent thereto, and must have also completed 6 months housemanship in a recognised hospital; 3 years of registration with the Council of Medical Registration; 2 years’ work in the department concerned of a Medical College or Research Institute recognised by the university. Branches MD Biochem; Forensic Med; Gen Med, Paediatrics, Pathol; Physiol; Preventive & Social Med; Psychological Med; Tropical Med. MS Anaesthesiology; Anatomy; Gen Surgery; Obst & Gynae; Ophthal; Ortho; Otorhinolaryngology; Radiol.
MD (Psychiatry): Eligibility MBBS. Duration 3 yrs. The university also conducts MCh course.
Basic BSc Nursing: Eligibility Intermediate Sc with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English (PCBE) with 50% aggregate marks. Duration Four Years under annual examination pattern.
Post-Basic Nursing: Eligibility IA/ISc/ICom with diploma in General Nursing and midwifery. Duration 2 years under annual examination pattern. In the Faculty of Science
B.Sc./B.Sc. (Hons) : Eligibility Intermediate in Sc. Duration 3 years. Subjects Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Geology, Mathematics. Examination at the end of 1st Year, 2nd year, and 3rd Year.
M.Sc.: Eligibility BSc/ BSc (Hons). Duration 2 years (Four semesters) with an exam at the end of each semester. Subjects Bot Chem; Geol; Phy; Maths; Zool. Research Degree
M.Phil.: Eligibility MA/MSc/MCom with 55% marks for General & OBC category and 50% marks for SC/ST category. Duration: 1 year (Two semesters) Doctorate Degrees
The University awards Ph.D. Degree in the Faculties of Arts (Humanities & Social Sciences), Science, Commerce, Medicine and Engg. There is also a provision of awarding D.Litt. and D.Sc. Degrees. Vocational Studies
Ranchi University is running a number of vocational/self-financing courses at UG and PG level. These provide Degree, Advanced Diploma, Diploma, and Certificate courses. The fees vary with courses. Some of these courses are:
Self-financing Degree Courses at Post-Graduate Level - LL.M, MBA, MCA, M. Sc. (Electronics and Communication), MA in JyotirVigyan (Astrology), M. A. in Rural Development, M. A. in Public Administration, M. A. in Mass Communication, MA Museology & Archaeology, MA Human Rights, M.Sc. Biotechnology,M.Sc. Environmental Science., M.A/ M.Sc. in Yoga (2-years semester wise CBSC based course).
Self-financing PG Diploma Courses : Medicinal Plant; Food Preservation and Bakery; Functional Arabic; Functional Persian; Journalism; Broadcast Journalism & Video Production,Post Graduate Diploma in Yogic Sciences (1-year semester wise CBCS base course)
Self-financing Courses at U. G. level : Bio-technology, Computer Application, Computer Maintenance, Information Technology, Office Management & Secretarial Practice, Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Fashion Designing, Food Processing, Environment & Water Management, Business Administration, Advertising, Sales Promotion, & Sales Management
Add-on Courses (Certificate, Diploma, and Advanced Diploma) : Yoga, Insurance, Electronics, Banking, Adv. Sales Promotion and Sales Management Retailing, Computer Application, Business Management etc.,Add-on Certificate Course in Yoga (One semester CBSC based course).
The syllabi for main stream courses in science, humanities and commerce too have been upgraded as per National Curriculum of University Grants Commission (UGC).
In sports and cultural activities too Ranchi University has carved a niche for itself. It has made its presence felt at the all India level in cricket, hockey, football, and athletics. Its students are renowned in Hockey and Archery at the International level. Regular cultural activities at Ranchi University level are an integral part of Ranchi University's academics calendar.
Jharkhand being tribal-dominated State, with variegated eco-environmental conditions, the University, since its inception, has a majority of its students who belong to poor economic and educational background. Coming from Scheduled Tribes, Scheduled Caste, OBC, and minorities inhabiting the area, these are first-generation learners. That is, their parents and family are illiterate, having no tradition of – and in many cases no motivation for –
education. This poses a challenge before this University – a challenge this University is committed to face with the motto of enlightenment, education, service and discipline.